• Changes to the Irish Labour Market: Has there been an even recovery?

    Key Point: During the Great Recession (2008-12) the Irish labour market experienced significant changes with the employment rate falling below 60% and the unemployment rate rising to almost 16% in 2012. This represented a drop in total employment of 335,000 and an increase in unemployment and long-term unemployment of 233,000 and 177,000 respectively between these…

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  • The National Minimum Wage

    Patrick Malone and Philip O’Connell Key Point: Since its introduction in 2000, the National Minimum Wage (NMW) in Ireland has increased from €5.58 to the current rate of €9.80 in 2019. This represents an increase of €4.22 or 75.6% in nominal terms, but 31% in real terms, when we adjust for inflation.  The proportion of…

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  • Irish Population Health: life expectancy and mortality

    Key Point: Over the last decade life-expectancy in Ireland has increased by 2 years for women and 3 years for men since 2007: women living to 84 years and men to 80 years in 2017. Notwithstanding the dramatic rise in life-expectancy across the EU over the last number of decades, there has been a slowdown…

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  • Inequality in Health Status: income, gender and educational attainment

    Key Point: When exploring the relationship between ‘self-perceived health’ and ‘income’ and ‘educational attainment’ clear differences exists in the health status of the population. The way people perceive their health is influenced by a complex set of factors such as environmental, cultural and socio-economic conditions. In 2017, 79% of individuals aged 35-44 years on a…

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  • Social Protection and Welfare: a review of expenditure trends during economic recession and recovery.

    Key Point: Total social welfare spending amounted to almost €20bn in 2017 in Ireland. The highest spending areas in 2017 included:  Pensions (€7bn), Illness, Disability and Caring (€4bn), Working Age Income Supports (€3.6bn) and Child Related Payments (€2.6bn). Notwithstanding the adverse impact of the economic crisis between the years 2008 and 2013, the evidence shows…

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  • Local Authority Finance: Income and Expenditure Trends

    Patrick Malone Key Point: In 2018, the total revenue of Local Authorities (LAs) amounted to €4.7billion. This represented an increase of over €400million, or 10%, compared to 2017. Total expenditure by LAs increased by 12% from €4.2bn to €4.7bn between 2014 and 2018. The service division which experienced the greatest increase in LA expenditure was…

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